What is Bipolar?

Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition that can cause changes to a person's mood, daily function, and energy level. Bipolar is formerly known as manic depression. This is due to certain states of manic episodes and depressed episodes. These mood swings are usually extreme and alter the person's ability to think clearly. Manic episodes or mania may involve racing thoughts, talking excessively, delusions, insomnia, hostility, and risky behaviors. The depressed episodes are quite the opposite. Depressed episodes involve extreme sadness, feelings of worthlessness, appetite changes, lack of pleasure in doing things, and suicidal thoughts.

How does Ketamine treat Bipolar?

Ketamine has been shown to lift mood quickly in patients with bipolar disorder. One of the main symptoms of Bipolar in a depressed state is Anhedonia. Anhedonia is the loss of pleasure or ability to seek pleasure. Specifically, the Anhedonia is lifted very quickly in patients with bipolar after ketamine therapy. When ketamine infused patients' brains were scanned, the same part of the brain responsible for imagining rewarding experiences was active. Ketamine has also been shown to help reduce the amount of angry outbursts a patient with bipolar disorder may experience.